moving average

Finally at time t+4, the price starts to rise again and the same process happens again but in reverse. The blue line is the first to react to the price turning followed by the red line. The best way to work out what works best for you is to test them both and a demo trading account will allow you to do this without jeopardising your capital.


The first and most basic problem that a crossover trader faces is which moving average pair to use. The price, moving average 1 and moving average 2 are now all on the same path again after the price changed direction from rising to falling. Notice in the GBPUSD chart shown above how the SMA indicator smooths out the market movement. This allows traders to see more clearly the overall trend of the market than simply looking at price alone.

An alternate can be used to provide low-risk trade entries with high-profit potential. If day trading, the envelopes will often be much less than 1%. On the one-minute chart below, the MA length is 20 and the envelopes are 0.05%. Settings, especially the percentage, may need to be changed from day to day depending on volatility.


Like you I use the 50,100, & 200 MAs but, make the 100 exponential. The 50 provides great trend info and all three provide excellent dynamic support/resistance. I know this may sound crazy but, for me the best short term average is a channel made of the 8 Smoothed MA high and the 8 Smoothed MA low.

If anything in the ADX does not match the criteria I’ve just explained above, we do not have a valid entry signal. If the average line is below the 22 dotted line, we do not trade, regardless of anything else. We only consider entering a trade if the average line is above the 22 dotted line.

The moving average strategy can be used on any chart timeframe. If you are day trading then you might be looking at the 5-minute and 15-minute charts. I find the SMA signals to be less reliable on timeframes below the 1-hour. Even then, there will still be lots of false signals which is why it is important to combine the SMA with other indicators.

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Here, 20 and 50-period EMAs are used on a one-hour chart to ascertain a wider trend, with the intention to open and close positions on a 15-minute chart. 12 and 26 days are the standard settings on MACD, but you can tweak each to any periods that you like. Stag is a slang term for a short-term speculator who attempts to profit from short-term market movements by quickly moving in and out of positions.

Moving averages are a simple and valuable method for smoothing or filtering out price variations so that you can see the trend more clearly. The simple moving average and its smoothed equivalent, which is typically referred to as a “smoothed” or “exponential” moving average, are the most often used moving averages. The simple moving average is computed by adding up the last n prices and dividing by n. The resulting value is then averaged across all of the data points in your period. Analysts came up with the exponential moving average to eradicate these shortcomings of the simple moving average . The main advantage of a smoothed moving average is that it removes short-term fluctuations and allows us to view the price trends much more accessible.

USDJPY Fights With 38.2% Fibo and 200-day SMA – Action Forex

USDJPY Fights With 38.2% Fibo and 200-day SMA.

Posted: Wed, 01 Mar 2023 08:18:03 GMT [source]

The problem for most people lies in deciding where to put a stop loss, and unfortunately, most people put them much too close to their entry point. Once we’re in a long trade with a good trend, market gaps, and temporary whipsaws are not going to affect us. It’s just not worth the risk of opening a new trade on a Friday. This means that the price will open on Monday morning in a significantly different place to where it closed on othe Friday.

The volume-weighted average price is a statistic used by traders to determine what the average price is based on both price and volume. Whether a price is above or below the VWAP helps assess current value and trend. An exponential moving average is a type of moving average that places a greater weight and significance on the most recent data points. Apple stock consolidates near $109 at the end of a session and ticks lower the next morning . 5-, 8- and 13-bar SMAs point to lower ground while the distance between moving averages increases, signaling rising sell-off momentum. Price moves into bearish alignment on the bottom of the moving averages, ahead of a 3-point swing that offers good short sale profits.

The ADX must be above 22 and moving upwards

Any statements about profits or income, expressed or implied, do not represent a guarantee. Your actual trading may result in losses as no trading system is guaranteed. You accept full responsibilities for your actions, trades, profit or loss, and agree to hold The Forex Geek and any authorized distributors of this information harmless in any and all ways. While with EMA you’ll have much faster response to price changes, but it will come at an increased rate of false signals. All depends on one’s trading system, where both EMA and SMA can be used effectively for trading on 15 min TF. Can you tell me how can I download the different Moving Averages so I can add them to my MT4 platform?


Futures, Options on Futures, Foreign Exchange and other leveraged products involves significant risk of loss and is not suitable for all investors. Spot Gold and Silver contracts are not subject to regulation under the U.S. Before deciding to trade forex and commodity futures, you should carefully consider your financial objectives, level of experience and risk appetite.

Strategy 2. Trade Forex using two combined SMAs

Now that you know both simple and exponential moving averages, you probably have a lot of questions on your mind. Well, the answers to these questions are exactly what this lesson is all about. Due to the fact that for this strategy, there are no defined support or resistance lines, it is important to setup the stops at appropriate areas. The trader should look at the prior 6 candles and place the stop loss at a price level which is lower than the lowest low within that candle set. In this chart, two areas where long trades can be setup are shown. If you see anyforex trading strategiesthat have moving averages in them, the use of moving averages would be pretty much related to the two reasons given.

This is not unique to the indicator as moving average crossover signals with just two moving averages always require confirmation so as to not make a false entry. The strategy here therefore is to allow the indicator arrow to appear on the charts. To prevent any chance of repainting, it is always best to allow the signal candle to form before making the entry on the next candle. This is the only way to ensure that the indicator arrow has displayed its true colour on the chart.

  • Find the approximate amount of currency units to buy or sell so you can control your maximum risk per position.
  • 12 period EMA applied to the “typical price” (high+low+close)/3.
  • The value of SMMA is approximately equal to the EMA value, with just the period double that of EMA.
  • This value is re-calculated at each new data value, kicking out the oldest value in favour of the most recent period.
  • If you lose the trade, and your 50 pip stop loss gets hit, you’ve just lost $200 which is just 2% of your overall account.

It is important to remember that this type of technical analysis uses previous price movements to attempt to forecast future price movements. However, past results are no guarantee of future performance. When it comes to trading forex, stocks or anything else, it is vital to consider that sudden changes or significant events in the real world can significantly impact the price of an instrument.

A thin line would result in too many false signals and losing trades, and that’s why I’ve added the two outer lines to act as a buffer, or safe zone. The 12 period EMA is another moving average, but this time it’s calculating the average over the past 12 hours or half a day. And this MA is exponential which simply means it gives a little more weight or importance to the most recent candles over the oldest ones. We won’t ignore the cross of the lines if they take place around the 50 level.

The Simple Moving Average is calculated by adding the price of an instrument over a specified number of time periods and then dividing that sum by the number of periods. As the name implies, it is a way of simply finding the average price of an instrument over any set period. However, in general, the shorter the time frame and/or the more dramatic the price action, the greater the difference that you will see between the two MAs. Therefore, shorter-term traders might find the EMA more effective in implementing their trading strategies since it is more sensitive to the recent price movement.

But if the moved 20 pips into profit, we would move the stop loss up by 20 pips, so it is now only 30 pips away from where we first entered. If we didn’t use this filter, we would end up entering a lot of bad trades based on bad signals. However, we can add some rules and filters to try to reduce the number of false signals we get and limit the number of bad trades we run in to. It’s actually very easy to keep entering trades that go wrong, one after another, and take lots and lots of small losses. And those small losses can quickly add up to one very big chunk of your trading capital washed down the toilet.

So that’s all there is to the process of establishing the short term trend direction:

Each time a new price becomes available, the average “moves” so that the average is always based only on the last same number of reporting periods. The drawback of using the above two strategies is that, in the volatile and fast-changing world of forex, a trend can change suddenly and unpredictably. The ‘envelope’ strategy seeks to mitigate the risks of this by adding additional bands or ‘filters’ around the MA line. When you are comfortable with your trade’s amount of profit or loss and want to close the position, simply open it in the ‘positions’ tab of the platform and click ‘close’. Alternatively, you can reverse the trade to close your position.

We then get a candle which breaks out of the blue buffer zone and closes above the outside edge of the blue zone. Once we know which direction we are trading, we look for the moment that price moves outside of the blue buffer zone on the side of our trade direction. As soon as the price moves outside of the buffer zone, we are looking for entry signals.

We don’t get a lot of price movement here but we also have just come from a period of price movement that made up an ascending triangle. When we use it for trend direction in the crossover, all we are seeing the average of the previous 5 closes and the average of the previous 10 closes are getting smaller. Using the principle of equal risk and return we categorized each trade entry as correct or incorrect depending on the direction the market took, taking into account drawdown periods. In the test, a bearish crossing generates a sell signal and a bullish crossing generates a buy signal. We measured the market reaction from the earliest possible entry time over the following 30 time intervals .


So again it is still a full 50 pips behind the current price, but we are now only 30 pips away from the point we entered at. But already open trades which are doing well should be left open on Fridays and over the weekends. So you may enter a good trade Friday, but on Monday the market opens in a totally different place and your winning trade has turned in to a losing trade. Is a very simple indicator and very easy to use as a filter to protect the system from bad trade entries.

However, the market turns bullish again and shortly after the false sell signal, a new buy signal is generated. This would almost certainly have resulted in a loss on the short positions, though this could have been recouped if the subsequent buy signal was acted on. On the flip side, when the 50-day moving average crosses down through the 200-day moving average this is said to be a death cross.

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